Pearl Harbor Photos

December 7th,  1941

Pearl  Harbor

On Sunday, December 7th,  1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack against the U.S. Forces  stationed at Pearl Harbor , Hawaii .
By planning his attack  on a Sunday, the Japanese commander Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch  the entire fleet in port.
As luck would have it,  the Aircraft Carriers and one of the Battleships were not in port.  
(The USS Enterprise was  returning from Wake Island , where it had just delivered some  aircraft.
The USS Lexington was  ferrying aircraft to Midway, and the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado  were undergoing repairs in the United States .)

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  In spite of the latest  intelligence reports about the missing a aircraft carriers (his most  important targets),
Admiral Nagumo decided  to continue the attack with his force of six carriers and 423  aircraft. At a range of 230 miles north of Oahu ,  
he launched the first  wave of a two-wave attack. Beginning at 0600 hours his first wave  consisted of 183 fighters and torpedo bombers
which struck at the   ;fleet in Pearl Harbor and the airfields in Hickam, Kaneoheand Ewa.  The second strike, launched at 0715 hours,
consisted of 167  aircraft, which again struck at the same  targets.

  At 0753 hours the first  wave consisting of 40 Nakajima B5N2 "Kate" torpedo bombers, 51 Aichi  D3A1 "Val" dive bombers,
50 high altitude bombers  and 43 Zeros struck airfields and Pearl Harbor .
Within the next hour,  the second wave arrived and continued  the attack.
 When it was over, the  U.S.losses were:
USA : 218  KIA, 364 WIA.
 USN: 2,008 KIA, 710  WIA.
 USMC: 109 KIA, 69  WIA.
 Civilians: 68 KIA, 35  WIA.
 TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178  WIA.
USS Ari  zona (BB-39) - total loss when a bomb hit her  magazine.
  USS Oklahoma (BB-37) -  Total loss when she capsized and sunk in the  harbor.
 USS California (BB-44) -  Sunk at her berth. Later raised and  repaired.
 USS West Virginia  (BB-48) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and  repaired.
 USS Nevada - (BB-36)  Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired.
 USS Pennsylvania (BB-38)  - Light damage.
 USS Maryland (BB-46) -  Light damage.
 USS Tennessee (BB-43)  Light damage.
 USS Utah (AG-16) -  (former battleship used as a target) -  Sunk.
 USS New Orleans(CA-32) -  Light Damage..
 USS San Francisco(CA38)  - Light Damage.
  USS Detroit(CL-8) -  Light Damage.
 USS Raleigh (CL-7) -  Heavily damaged but repaired.
 USS Helena(CL-50) -  Light Damage.
 USS Honolulu(CL-48) -  Light  Damage..
 USS Downes (DD-375) -  Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
 USS Cassin - (DD-37 2)  Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
 USS Shaw (DD-373) - Very  heavy damage.
 USS Helm (DD-388) -  Light  Damage.
 USS Ogala (CM-4) - Sunk  but later raised and  repaired.
 Se aplane Tender
USS  Curtiss (AV-4) - Severely damaged but later  repaired.
 Repair Ship
USS  Vestal (AR-4) - Severely damaged but later  repaired.
 Harbor Tug
USS  Sotoyomo (YT-9) - Sunk but later raised and  repaired.
188 Aircraft  destroyed (92 USN and 92 U.S. Army Air  Corps.)

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